Within the framework of the course the student obtains theoretical and practical knowledge about analysis and synthesis of architectural objects in space. Theoretical models and analyses are supported by examples of historical and contemporary compositions (examples from architecture and urbanism). The composition is introduced as a complexity of aspects in the architectural and spatial reality.

The objectives of the course are to develop the student’s understanding of the basics of visual perception in relation to ordering systems in architectural and urban design compositions. Employing compositional techniques, the students are engaged in analyzing and producing of abstract 2D and 3D compositions emphasizing their structural, organizational, programmatic or symbolic means.



The course will cover the following topics:

  • [ELEMENTS]: understanding of fundamental elements of composition and their main properties (point, line, plane, volume, colour).
  • [RELATIONS]: compositional techniques and ordering of these basic elements in 2D and 3D (classic orders, optical properties, structure, rhythm, proportions, scale, etc.)
  • [MEANING]: synthetic process of expression with visual means – translation of ideas to 2D and 3D compositions as meaningful constructs (place, time, society, culture, use, material, lighting, etc.)
  • [EFFECTS]: presentation of methodology of composition and theoretical fundamentals of the ‘language’ of composition



  • Francis D. Ching, 2011. A Visual Dictionary of Architecture, John Wiley & Sons.
  • Francis D. K. Ching, 2007. Architecture: Form, Space, and Order, John Wiley & Sons.
  • Krier R., 1993. Architectural Composition, Rizzoli.
  • Zevi B., 1993. Architecture As Space ; New York : Da Capo Press.
  • Itten J., 1975. Design and Form: The Basic Course at the Bauhaus and Later, John Wiley & Sons Inc.
  • Alexander C.: Pattern language, Oxford University Press, New York, 1977
  • Koolhaas R.,Mau B. : S, M, L, XL; Monacelli press, 1997